Table of Contents
- The Tax Implications of New Business Norms
- Understanding Nexus: Your Tax Connection to States
- State and Local Tax Laws: The Varied Landscape
- Apportionment: Dividing Your Income Fairly
- Filing Requirements: Staying Compliant in Every State
- Tax Planning: Your Best Defense in a Remote Work World
- Conclusion: Conquering Tax Chaos in a Remote Work Era
- Key Takeaways
- About The Author, Susana Vallelonga
Recent world-wide events have rocked the business world, causing many to adapt and revamp their operations. With remote work and multi-state operations becoming the norm, it’s opened up a whole new can of worms for business owners: taxes.
That’s right, as business owners many of you are navigating uncharted territory, needing to file and pay taxes in states you never even thought of before. In addition, government contractors may have additional tax implications to consider. Depending on the specifics of your contract(s), the location of your business and employees, you may need to file and pay taxes in multiple states.
So, the question remains, if you’re a business owner venturing into multi-state operations, what are five essential points you should be aware of to navigate this new territory effectively?
- Nexus: Nexus is the connection between a business and a state that creates a tax obligation for the business. Traditionally, nexus was established by physical presence, such as having an office or employees in a state. However, many states have expanded their definitions of nexus to include economic presence, such as generating a certain amount of revenue or conducting a certain number of transactions in a state. For government contractors, keeping track of nexus is crucial because they often work across multiple state lines, with their headquarters located in one state, the contract in another, and the work performed in several other states. This creates the possibility that the contractor may be required to pay income tax in states where they have a minor connection, or even where the same revenue is taxed by multiple states making it critical to understand Nexus rules so that they can stay ahead and comply with each state’s apportionment rules.
- State and local tax laws: Although federal government entities are exempt from paying taxes, civilian contractors are not. This creates complications related to state and local income taxes, sales and use taxes, and licensing that must be considered and addressed by govcon accountants. Each state has its own tax laws, and these laws can vary widely. Some states have a sales tax, while others do not. Some states have an income tax, while others do not. It’s important for business owners to understand the tax laws of the states in which they operate and to comply with those laws. Physical presence alone may trigger Nexus in some states, but not for all states. For example, if you operate in the State of Texas, you are required to register for specific tax registrations, including income tax withholding, sales and use tax, and unemployment insurance tax, even if your business is based outside of Texas. Additionally, you may need to obtain general or specific business licenses, as well as local permits, depending on your business activities.
- Apportionment: When a business operates in multiple states, it must determine how to apportion its income for tax purposes. Apportionment is the process of dividing a business’s income among the states in which it operates based on certain factors, such as the location of customers, employees, and assets. Different states use different apportionment formulas, so it’s important for business owners to understand the rules in each state. For example, if your business operates in the Tristate area but is based in DC, you’ll need to carefully track the income earned in each state and apportion it appropriately for tax purposes. This can be a complex process, as each state has its own tax laws and regulations.
- Filing requirements: Once a business determines that it has a tax obligation in a state, it must comply with that state’s filing requirements. This may include registering with the state, filing tax returns, and paying taxes. Failure to comply with a state’s filing requirements can result in penalties and interest.
- Tax planning: With the shift to remote work, many businesses are now operating in states they never expected to operate in. This makes tax planning more important than ever. Business owners should work with a tax professional to develop a tax strategy that takes into account the states in which they operate and the tax implications of remote work.
Conclusion: Conquering Tax Chaos in a Remote Work Era
In conclusion, the remote work revolution has brought on a whole new level of tax chaos, and it’s time to get ahead of the game. You need to understand the tax laws of every state you operate in and comply with them – or else face some serious penalties.
Before you hit the panic button, let’s get something straight – you’re not alone in this tax labyrinth. Our savvy controllers and CFOs at BOOST are ready to help you construct a tax strategy that’s tailor-made for your business, considering all the states you operate in and the tax implications. So, don’t just wait around for the IRS to come knocking. Grab the reins, take control of your taxes, and let’s start this conversation. Contact BOOST today to get started.
Nexus is the linchpin: The relationship between your business and a state can trigger tax obligations. Both physical and economic presence can establish a nexus, with the latter often overlooked.
State and local tax laws are a minefield: Complying with varying tax laws across states is a must, and this includes being aware of differences in income, sales, and use taxes, as well as licensing requirements.
Apportionment isn’t for the faint-hearted: Dividing income for tax purposes among states you operate in demands diligence and understanding of each state’s unique rules.
Filing requirements can bite: Failing to comply with each state’s filing requirements can lead to penalties.
Tax planning isn’t optional: With remote work becoming the norm, tax planning has become crucial to consider the states you operate in and the tax implications.
About The Author, Susana Vallelonga
Susana Vallelonga is a seasoned Chief Finance Officer with over 15+ years of experience accentuating corporate finance, accounting, compliance, and treasury management. Susana brings with her an extensive background involving regulatory accounting/finance guidance, compliance relations, business development, strategic system implementations, and overall organizational change management success. Susana is currently supporting federal government contractors as a fractional CFO for several clients and manages the accounting and finance division